Breaking a Basketball Color Line, 70 Seasons Ago
February 12, 2018 - Basketballs
A throng of 14,861 during Madison Square Garden in Nov 1947 saw a New York Knicks start their second deteriorate with a convincing win opposite their multiplication rival, a Red Auerbach–coached Washington Capitols. Led by group captain Bud Palmer’s 21 points, a rapid Knicks ran past Washington for an 80-65 feat that The New York Times reported left “the Capitols panting for breath.”
What a Times did not news was that a 5-foot-7 Knick ensure slipped into a diversion late to minister dual points and dual fouls. The stats are modest, though of distant larger stress is that brief coming by Wataru “Wat” Misaka sensitively pennyless a league’s tone line usually 8 months after Jackie Robinson integrated Major League Baseball.
As a colonize of a game, [Misaka] blazed a route for formation and inclusion in a early days of a NBA.
Dennis D’Agostino, New York Knicks historian
The son of a barber, Misaka grew adult in Ogden in northern Utah and took adult basketball in youth high propagandize after examination barnstorming Harlem Globetrotter teams. Without most income in a family to buy sports equipment, he built his possess lane jump in a alley outward his father’s emporium to use jumping. Championships during Ogden High School and circuitously Weber Junior College warranted him a mark on a University of Utah patrol in 1943–44. Given a conflict of World War II and a detriment of players to a troops draft, a group consisted mostly of rapid freshmen nicknamed a “Blitz Kids” and a “Live Five with a Jive Drive.”
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At that time, a U.S. supervision released a wartime sequence and dull adult some-more than 120,000 Japanese-Americans who were vital in designated coastal “exclusion zones” and eliminated them to desolate, easy camps. Since Utah was outward a zones, Misaka’s family transient internment, though a family of teammate Masateru Tatsuno did not. That deteriorate both players pushed past anti-Japanese hostility, promotion and secular derisive during highway trips — all games were highway games given a U.S. Army had requisitioned a campus gym — to assistance Utah win a NCAA championship. After a season, Misaka and Tatsuno trafficked to a Topaz War Relocation Center, nearby Delta, Utah, to give Tatsuno’s family one of a championship blankets awarded to players as keepsakes.
Then Misaka perceived a breeze notice. After denunciation training, he shipped off to Japan in Aug 1945. There, he was reserved to talk civilians about spirit following a atomic bombing of Hiroshima, that was a Misaka family’s ancestral home. After 9 months, he returned to college, fervent to finish his degree. He gave basketball one final shot in a deteriorate that serendipitously put his grade ambitions on hold.
In another successful run, Utah modernized to a 1947 National Invitation Tournament during Madison Square Garden, that during a time was some-more prestigious than a NCAA Tournament. In a final, Utah kick a adored University of Kentucky Wildcats, with Misaka holding Player of a Year Ralph Beard to a singular point.
Misaka’s scrappy play warranted cheers from a Garden throng — and a notice of New York Knicks boss Ned Irish, who offering Misaka a guaranteed agreement of $4,000 for a 1947–48 season. That autumn, Misaka assimilated a team, though he faced prolonged odds. The Knicks coach, Joe Lapchick, hadn’t been a partial of a preference to supplement him to a squad, and a team’s 3 guards had small inducement to acquire him. In Misaka’s sole highway game, opposite a Providence Steamrollers, he perceived bad recommendation from teammates on how to cover an opponent, heading to several easy early points for Providence.
Misaka after pronounced he did not take a misdirection privately or charge it or his successive recover with a sum of 7 pro points to prejudice. “I was a genuine kid, and they already had 3 guards,” a 94-year-old tells OZY by phone from his home nearby Salt Lake City. “But this small knowledge gave me good fun usually to be partial of a new veteran game. It was a unequivocally large mangle to go from a farming city to a large city.”
He returned to Utah to finish his grade in automatic engineering, that he records was some-more of a passion than basketball. In this complicated epoch of athletes advocating for social justice, Misaka deflects any idea that his possess knowledge contributed to a means of secular equality. “I was usually a small guy,” Misaka says. “I didn’t make most disproportion during all.”
The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in Springfield, Massachusetts, includes usually brief information on Misaka. A hunt for him on a Hall’s website yields no results, nonetheless a orator says his print is in an muster about African-American players.
Even so, a Knicks, a NBA and others have distinguished Misaka’s purpose in new years — years in that a joining has fielded Yao Ming, Jeremy Lin and Yuta Tabuse. Misaka was respected during a 2009 All-Star Game as an NBA legend, and a Knicks feted him in 2012 during a Pioneers Night, that also enclosed Lapchick, John Rucker and Sweetwater Clifton (one of a initial 4 African-Americans in a NBA, in 1950).
“Wat binds a singular and appreciated place in a story of a Knicks, as not usually a member of a initial NBA breeze category in authorization story in 1947 though also as a initial non-Caucasian actor in group history,” Dennis D’Agostino, a Knicks historian, says. “As a colonize of a game, he blazed a route for formation and inclusion in a early days of a NBA and is really tighten to a hearts as a oldest vital Knick and as a storied figure in his local Utah.”